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Detection of Pathogens in Processed Waters and Wastewaters

In recent years, pathogens present in water have received increasing attention because of their potential negative impacts on human health and ecosystems. Therefore, appropriate detection methods are inseparable from monitoring water quality and quantitative microbial risk assessment. As an expert in the field of microbiological research, Creative Biolabs has accumulated extensive experience in pathogen detection in water. With advanced and reliable pathogen detection platforms, our professional scientists focus on providing waterborne pathogen detection services to customers around the world.

Significance of Pathogen Detection in Water

Waterborne pathogens and related diseases are major public health problems worldwide. Waterborne pathogen infections are caused by exposure to contaminated water or ingestion of various pathogens. Morbidity and mortality from contaminated water is enormous and controlling adverse effects by improving drinking water safety is an attractive strategy. Notably, many research advances have been made in recent years in the detection and characterization of pathogens in water. These effective assays have important implications for water safety as well as pathogen characterization.

Internal structure of different types of waterborne pathogens and their associated diseases.Fig.1 Internal structure of different types of waterborne pathogens and their associated diseases. (Bhardwaj, 2019)

Waterborne Pathogens and Related Diseases

The various human pathogens present in water can be classified as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and parasites. The most common species of pathogens reported to cause global health problems are listed in the table below.

Targeted pathogen Related Disease Infectivity
E. coli O157:H7 Gastroenteritis High
Legionella Acute respiratory illness; Legionellosis Moderate
Salmonella Salmonellosis; Typhoid fever Low
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Inflammation; Sepsis Moderate
Mycobacterium Pulmonary Disease; Skin infection Low
Campylobacter Gastroenteritis Moderate
Shigella Shigellosis High
Clostridioidesdifficile Severe diarrhea; Colitis High

Detection Services for Waterborne Pathogens

Phage-based detection assays have been reported for the identification of pathogens in water samples. The core requirements for reliable analysis include many aspects such as high specificity and sensitivity, reproducibility of results, speed, and low cost. As a leader in the field of phage, Creative Biolabs has established a comprehensive and trusted phage-based detection platform for pathogen detection based on engineered and non-engineered methods. Our vision is to provide cost-effective pathogen detection services to facilitate breakthrough progress in our clients' projects. Importantly, Creative Biolabs offers a variety of options for the detection of pathogens in water, and we will provide the best detection solution according to the needs of our customers. Our featured services include but are not limited to:

If you would like to know more about phage-based waterborne pathogens detection services, please directly contact us or send an e-mail with your specific request.


  1. Bhardwaj, N.; et al. Optical detection of waterborne pathogens using nanomaterials. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry. 2019, 113: 280-300.
For Research Use Only. Do NOT use in humans.

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